Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery at Duke (MIND)

Led by Dr. Patrick Codd, the Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery at Duke (MIND) program was created for patients seeking his expertise in the latest minimally invasive approaches for the treatment of brain tumors and skull base tumors. The mission of the MIND program is to provide compassionate, safe, and effective patient-centered care for the treatment of neurosurgical illness. Utilizing the latest in neurosurgical technology and operative approaches, our techniques are fundamentally derived from the principle of "keyhole" brain surgery.

Keyhole Brain Surgery  

The philosophy and approach of keyhole brain surgery is one of minimal disruption: achieving the surgical goal while minimizing the disruption of normal tissues during surgery in order to allow successful healing.  

Through very small openings in the skull, sometimes no larger than the size of your thumb, even the largest tumors and lesions can be removed safely using this specialized technique. Through  endoscopic and microsurgical instrumentation, computer image guidance and cutting-edge operating rooms we are able to use keyhole craniotomies and approaches to tackle the difficult challenges that our patients face. In this way there is no need for large incisions, disruption of perfectly healthy scalp and muscle, large skull removal, and extensive brain exposure. All of these can result in increased risks for injury and prolonged postoperative recovery. With our keyhole neurosurgery strategies we strive to achieve the same precise, safe, effective surgical treatments while maintaining our core value of minimally disruptive surgery. In fact, many tumors thought “inoperable” are frequently approachable through these techniques, expanding our ability to care for these difficult and often critically located lesions. 

This keyhole approach frequently translates to shorter recovery times, faster healing, less pain, and all performed with the same precision surgery our patients need to tackle these difficult neurologic illnesses.

Conditions We Treat

Conditions we care for using the latest in minimally invasive and endoscopic techniques include:

  • Brain tumors
  • Pituitary tumors
  • Skull base tumors
  • Brainstem tumors
  • Colloid cysts
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Glioblastoma
  • Glioma
  • Astrocytoma
  • Meningioma
  • Metastatic brain tumors
  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Intraventricular tumors
  • Arachnoid cysts
  • Acromegaly
  • Rathke's cleft cyst
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Pituitary apoplexy
  • Prolactinoma
  • Chordomas
  • Olfactory neuroblastoma (esthesioneuroblastoma)
  • Sinonasal carcinoma

Referrals and MIND Program Contact

Please contact us at 919-684-7777 if you would like to schedule an appointment, or to make a referral.

Second Opinions from the MIND Program

If you would like a second opinion on your condition, or the condition of a loved one, please reach out to us. We would be happy to review, for free, your story and imaging and see how we can help. 

Please call 919-684-7777 and asked to be directed to the MIND Program office where we will provide additional information on how to take part in this review.

About Dr. Codd

Dr. Codd combines compassionate care with the latest techniques to deliver personalized treatments to his patients. He is a neurosurgeon within Duke’s world renowned Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center, and a faculty neurosurgeon at Duke University Medical Center.  He has been recognized on multiple occasions as a Duke Medicine Service Champion for excellence in patient care. In 2017, Dr. Codd was awarded a Duke Health Scholar award for innovations in both minimally invasive neurosurgery care and research. He serves as a mentor and educator within the Duke Department of Neurosurgery, and received the 2016 Resident Advocate award. His research interests are in minimally invasive neurosurgical device development and neurosurgical robotics. As the Director and Principal Investigator of the Duke Brain Tool Laboratory, his research team thrives at the interface of neurosurgery and engineering in order to develop the next generation of minimally invasive neurosurgery. He hopes these endeavors will ultimately lead to new tools and approaches for performing these delicate operations for the benefit of those who come to his care. 

Dr. Codd also collaborates with physicians throughout Duke. Learn more about Dr. Codd's work with the Multidisciplinary Pituitary Clinic.

The MIND Team

Patrick J. Codd, MD
Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery

Ginger Berry
MIND Program Administrative Assistant

Denise Lally-Goss, ANP
Nurse Practitioner

Senthil Radhakrishnan MS, PA-C
Administrative Chief and Clinical Neurosurgical PA

Eric Butler, PA-C, MPAS
Chief Surgical Physician Assistant

Kate Baker, MHS, PA-C
Neurosurgery Physician Assistant

Kristina M. Eilbacher, MHS, PA-C
Neurosurgery Physician Assistant

Ana Lisa Nardin, MHS, PA-C
Inpatient Neurosurgery Physician Assistant

MIND Program Contact Information 
Phone: 919-684-7777
Fax: 919-684-9045
303 Research Drive
215 Sands Building
Durham, NC USA 27710